In Canada, Trans Union and Equifax are ‘the Credit Bureau’. They are a database of creditor information, and information provided by you, gathered together to determine your credit-worthiness.
Who Is The “Credit Bureau”?
In Canada, there are two major competing credit bureau companies, registered under applicable provincial laws dictating what they are allowed to display on your credit bureau, and who can access your information. They are Equifax and Trans Union Services.
Each of these companies is a corporation in the business of making a profit, which they mostly do by selling inquiries. Usually listing data to the credit bureau is free, or almost free. However, each time an inquiry is made on your credit bureau file, there is a fee paid by the agency or creditor.
Because different creditors use either one or both of the bureaus, your credit ratings from each of these companies can look vastly different.
If you want to contact these two companies, their contact information and websites are:
Equifax Canada – 1-800-663-9980 – www.equifax.ca
Trans Union Services – 1-937-4093 – www.tuc.ca
How Do They Get My Information?
Every time you apply for credit, update your information with a trade item creditor, fill out an application with a landlord or authorize a credit check, open a bank account, apply for employment that does a credit check, you have an impact on your credit rating. As well, each inquiry shows up on your credit bureau profile, showing who has been looking at your file.
The information gathered by your applications and your creditors is displayed on your bureau — your name, your date of birth, your social insurance number, your spouse, your telephone number, your address, and your place of employment. This is updated each time new data is provided to the credit bureau.
As well, every month, your trade items report to the credit bureau, showing your current payments (or lack thereof), and assign an aggregate score between a “1” and a “9” for each item. A rotating line of credit that you have maintained with payments on time would show up as an “R1”, for example.
If you have a secured line of credit based on a physical asset, such as a car, that security can be listed on the credit bureau, showing the dollar value of that security, and who holds it.
Lastly, if you are listed in a collection agency for an outstanding debt, or a judgment is received against you, it can be reported to your credit bureau, listing the creditor, the amount owed, and the current balance. As well, bankruptcies would be displayed on your bureau as well.
All of this information can remain on your credit bureau for a period of seven years, creating a narrative of your financial history and displaying patterns and habits.
What Happens If I Pay My Bills?
Many of your bills are not reported to the credit bureau – utility companies, landlords, and insurance companies typically do not report. However, it’s almost certain the following do:
- Cellular phone companies
- Car Leasing Companies
- Private Label Credit Cards
When you pay your bill properly on time, you are awarded a “1” rating. If you are late, you receive a “2” rating for that month, and so on.
If someone gets a judgment against you, it too can be reported from the court to the credit bureau. The judgment number will appear, as well as the plaintiff and the current balance.
What Can A Collection Agency Do To My Credit?
For any collection agency that is a member of one or both of the credit bureaus, they can upload a registered item to the credit bureau each month. It would show a creditor, collection agency, amount owed, and current balance. It might look like this:
18 JAN 12 – ABC COLLECTIONS/XYZ COMPANY – 1502 – 1502
Checking Your Own Credit
Every consumer should check their own credit report at least once a year, to see what has been reported, verify their information is correct, and have an understanding of what a creditor might see if you apply for credit.
You should not pay for your credit bureau report! There are many companies that earn revenue from selling you your credit report online, or offering to pull your credit bureau report on a subscription basis. You can request it for free, yourself.
To request your credit rating from Equifax, fill out the form linked here and mail it in with two pieces of identification. http://www.equifax.com/ecm/canada/EFXCreditReportRequestForm.pdf
To request your credit rating from Trans Union, you can visit their offices in Burlington, Ontario personally and receive a copy after displaying your identification. This has previously written about Here: http://receivableaccounts.blogspot.com/2011/01/trans-union-services-has-moved.html
The credit bureaus often offer a paid credit bureau report, or even subscribe to a service that alerts you if something changes on your credit rating – for some people this has value, but remember you can always request a copy for free.
Disputing A Rating
Your credit bureau is a compilation of creditor information, and it not a “pass/fail” grade on your credit-worthiness. If a collection agency has an alleged debt that they wish to list on your bureau file, there is little recourse you have. However, you can request an investigation into the accuracy of the information. If the information is accurate and can be supported by a documented invoice or statement, the item will remain on the credit bureau.
To dispute an item on your Trans Union report, http://www.transunion.ca/ca/personal/creditdisputes_en.page
To dispute an item on your Equifax Canada report, http://www.consumer.equifax.ca/dispute-ca/dispute_process/en_ca
Understand that your creditors may update the disputed item on your credit report each month, which means your disputed item may be placed back on the credit bureau up to 30 days later.
The Office of Consumer Affairs for Canada has some excellent information about credit scores and how consumers can understand how their credit rating works, and how they can protect themselves … you can find further information here http://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/oca-bc.nsf/eng/h_ca02146.html
Originally published under greenleafpages.com. Author Blair DeMarco-Wettlaufer